Motivation Quotation......

Aku meminta kepada Tuhan setangkai bunga, segar, Ia beri kaktus berduri. Aku minta kupu-kupu diberinya-Nya ulat berbulu. Aku sedih dan kecewa. Namun kemudian, kaktus itu berbunga indah sekali dan ulat itupun menjadi kupu-kupu yang sangat cantik. Itulah jalan Tuhan, indah pada masaNYA! Tuhan tidak memberi apa yang kita harapkan. Tapi Dia memberi apa yang kita perlukan. Kadang kala kita sedih, kecewa dan terluka. Tapi jauh di atas segalanya Dia sedang mengatur yang terbaik dalam kehidupan kita.............................................

Friday, May 15, 2009

Another tips....

RHD skills enhancement seminars by Assoc. Prof. Helen Creese and organised by Faculty of Arts, UQ
11 May 2009


Conferences - The Three Ps
i. Preparation - the conference context
ii. Planning - what to present (and what to leave out)
iii. Performance - How to present

Making an Impact
Impact = Content (what) + presentation skills (how)

The Conference Context
Rule #1: Oral communication is different from written communication

your task
-to entice the audience to read your paper
-to engage, excite, provoke

*A presentation should be a spoken presentation on the same topic as the written paper
*A presentation cannot simply be a short version of the written paper
*To sound natural, you will need to be natural,to use shorter sentences, less detail, expressive language, memorable examples. In other words, you do need to perform

Key Idea
*Identify the key issue(just ONE!) and use it to organise your talk
*identify no more than 4 main points that relate to it
*be very specific: make sure your audience knows what you want them to remember
*be ruthless: remove everything not relevant to it
*avoid digressions: plan to tell (and sell) one story
*focus on your examples rather than making a general case
*refer to, nut do no present, relaled work (but make sure you know it thoroughly for question time)

Presentation Structure

An oral presentation will have a familiar structure:
- introduction: outline what you will be talking about
-main body: your findings and arguments
-conclusion: summary and conclusions
But the format requires different strategies from the written paper

To PowerPoint or not to PowerPoint

-there is probably no longer a choice to opt out of PowerPoint on the academic conference circuit
-don't be a slave to it. You do not need to have your entire presentation flashing before the audience's eyes
-keywords, dot points, images work well

Rule #2: If you have 15 minutes, plan and prepare a 15-minute presentation

First, do the sums: 15 minutes+ 1-2 minutes per slide = MAXIMUM of 10-12 slides
+ title slide (1 slide): author, affiliation,acknowledgements
+rationale (1-2 slides): key idea and why it is interesting
+where it fits (1-2 slides): i.e. theory, wider disciplinary
+what your discovered and what it means (2-4 slides)
+summary (1 slide): one thing you want the audience to remember

To Outline or Not to Outline...

Presentations typically begin with an overview or outline: How to manuals usually insist:
-tell them what you will be telling them, tell them about it, and then tell them what you have just told them
But beware: A quick snapshot if fine, but if you spend five of your precious 15 minutes talking about, here does that leave you...?
Rule #3: Do not read

*it is extremely difficult to juggle nerves, a mouse, ppt slides on the screen behind you,engage your audience and read from a written text
*let your ppt presentation double as your notes
*use written notes only if you must, and if you do, restrict them to a list of key words or dot points
*never use your written paper - it will be the wrong genre for the task ahead of you, and rifling through the pages will be a distraction you don't need

-remember, liestening is more difficult than reading
-material must be logical and well structured
-avoid information overload
-restrict yourself to no more than four key points
-don't try to the the audience everything you know
-don't present all the technical details of your work
-never try to show the audience how clear you are

Using Slides
-keep them simple -one idea per slide works best
-avoid distracting or overly detailed visuals
-use animation sparingly
avoid putting your spoken text on slide - the audience will read instead of listen
-don't leave your audience to read a whole slide of dense text, the timing is always wrong.if the information is crucial incorporate it into your talk
-don't expect your audience to absord a dense slide in a few seconds

Rule #4: Never, ever, go over time

-watch your time. Exceeding the time limit is discourteous to both other panel members and the audience
-audience stop listening as soon as the time allocated is past
-It is always conterproductive to continue (in a rush) to the end
-plan your presentation so that you can stop when the clock does


-don't be frightened> Questions are good!
-be prepared: if detailed data or arguments are involved and you can anticipate discussion, prepare extra slides with elaborations on key issue (as long as you know how to locate them readily)
-paraphrase the question before you respond (gives you time to think, and ensures the audience members have all heard the question)
-don't be afraid to say you don't know

Presentation Tips
1. Be enthusiastic: if you are not, then who will be?
2. Be confident: never apologise for real or imagined shortcomings in preparation, knowledge, gaps in data, inexperience, lack of time etc etc
3. Be seen and heard:
+ make eye contact
+ project your voice: speak to someone at the back of the room
+ locate and encouraging "nodder" and speak to them
+ talk to the audience not the screen or computer

Rule #5: Remember to perform
-speak slowly
-speak loudly and clearly
-use short simple sentences
-avoid jargon and abbreviations
-vary pict, tone, volume, speed and pauses
-use gesture, body movement, be animated
-make sure you have everything you need
-don't slug from a water bottle!

Rule #6: Practice...and then practice again!

-this rule is the most important one, so if you do nothing else-do this, preferably 'live' to a group of friends or family
-reading silently wont be enough. Presentations, especially their timing, transform when spoken aloud
-go through the entire presentation exactly as you plan to present it to make sure it works

RELAX...remember to breathe! and enjoy the experience!

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